Thursday, February 28, 2013

1970s Global Cooling Alarmism

"Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." – George Santayana


During the 1970s the media promoted global cooling alarmism with dire threats of a new ice age. Extreme weather events were hyped as signs of the coming apocalypse and man-made pollution was blamed as the cause. Environmental extremists called for everything from outlawing the internal combustion engine to communist style population controls. "Pollution Prospect A Chilling One"

Owosso Argus-Press, January 26, 1970

































This media hype was found in major newspapers, magazines, books and on television;



"Climate experts believe the next ice age is on its way."
- Leonard Nimoy, 1978


References:

1970 - Colder Winters Held Dawn of New Ice Age - Scientists See Ice Age In the Future (The Washington Post, January 11, 1970)
1970 - Is Mankind Manufacturing a New Ice Age for Itself? (L.A. Times, January 15, 1970)
1970 - New Ice Age May Descend On Man (Sumter Daily Item, January 26, 1970)
1970 - Pollution Prospect A Chilling One (Owosso Argus-Press, January 26, 1970)
1970 - Pollution's 2-way 'Freeze' On Society (Middlesboro Daily News, January 28, 1970)
1970 - Cold Facts About Pollution (The Southeast Missourian, January 29, 1970)
1970 - Pollution Could Cause Ice Age, Agency Reports (St. Petersburg Times, March 4, 1970)
1970 - Scientist predicts a new ice age by 21st century (Boston Globe, April 16, 1970)
1970 - Pollution Called Ice Age Threat (St. Petersburg Times, June 26, 1970)
1970 - Dirt Will Bring New Ice Age (The Sydney Morning Herald, October 19, 1970)
1971 - Ice Age Refugee Dies Underground (The Montreal Gazette, Febuary 17, 1971)
1971 - Pollution Might Lead To Another Ice Age (Schenectady Gazette, March 22, 1971)
1971 - Pollution May Bring Ice Age - Scientist Rites Risk (The Windsor Star, March 23, 1971)
1971 - U.S. Scientist Sees New Ice Age Coming (The Washington Post, July 9, 1971)
1971 - Ice Age Around the Corner (Chicago Tribune, July 10, 1971)
1971 - New Ice Age Coming - It's Already Getting Colder (L.A. Times, October 24, 1971)
1971 - Another Ice Age? Pollution Blocking Sunlight (The Day, November 1, 1971)
1971 - Air Pollution Could Bring An Ice Age (Harlan Daily Enterprise, November 4, 1971)
1972 - Air pollution may cause ice age (Free-Lance Star, February 3, 1972)
1972 - Scientist Says New ice Age Coming (The Ledger, February 13, 1972)
1972 - Ice Age Cometh For Dicey Times (The Sun, May 29, 1972)
1972 - There's a new Ice Age coming! (The Windsor Star, September 9, 1972)
1972 - Scientist predicts new ice age (Free-Lance Star, September 11, 1972)
1972 - British Expert on Climate Change Says New Ice Age Creeping Over Northern Hemisphere (Lewiston Evening Journal, September 11, 1972)
1972 - Climate Seen Cooling For Return Of Ice Age (Portsmouth Times, ‎September 11, 1972‎)
1972 - New Ice Age Slipping Over North (Press-Courier, September 11, 1972)
1972 - Ice Age Begins A New Assault In North (The Age, September 12, 1972)
1972 - Weather To Get Colder (Montreal Gazette, ‎September 12, 1972‎)
1972 - British climate expert predicts new Ice Age (The Christian Science Monitor, September 23, 1972)
1972 - Scientist Sees Chilling Signs of New Ice Age (L.A. Times, September 24, 1972)
1972 - Science: Another Ice Age? (Time Magazine, November 13, 1972)
1972 - Geologist at Case Traces Long Winters - Sees Ice Age in 20 Years (Youngstown Vindicator, December 13, 1972)
1972 - Ice Age On Its Way, Scientist Says (Toledo Blade, December 13, 1972)
1972 - Ice Age Predicted In About 200 Years (The Portsmouth Times, December 14, 1972)
1973 - The Ice Age Cometh (The Saturday Review, March 24, 1973)
1973 - 'Man-made Ice Age' Worries Scientists (The Free Lance-Star, June 22, 1973)
1973 - Fear Of Man-made Ice Age (Herald-Journal, June 28, 1973)
1973 - Possibility Of Ice Age Worries The Scientists (The Argus-Press, November 12, 1973)
1973 - Weather-watchers think another ice age may be on the way (The Christian Science Monitor, December 11, 1973)
1974 - Ominous Changes in the World's Weather (PDF) (Fortune, February 1974)
1974 - Atmospheric Dirt: Ice Age Coming?‎ (Pittsburgh Press, February 28, 1974)
1974 - New evidence indicates ice age here (Eugene Register-Guard, May 29, 1974)
1974 - Another Ice Age? (Time Magazine, June 24, 1974)
1974 - 2 Scientists Think 'Little' Ice Age Near (The Hartford Courant, August 11, 1974)
1974 - Ice Age, worse food crisis seen (The Chicago Tribune, October 30, 1974)
1974 - Imminent Arrival of the Ice (Radio Times, November 14, 1974)
1974 - Believes Pollution Could Bring On Ice Age (Ludington Daily News, December 4, 1974)
1974 - Pollution Could Spur Ice Age, Nasa Says (Beaver Country Times, ‎December 4, 1974‎)
1974 - Air Pollution May Trigger Ice Age, Scientists Feel (The Telegraph, ‎December 5, 1974‎)
1974 - More Air Pollution Could Trigger Ice Age Disaster (Daily Sentinel, ‎December 5, 1974‎)
1974 - Scientists Fear Smog Could Cause Ice Age (Milwaukee Journal, December 5, 1974)
1975 - Climate Changes Called Ominous (The New York Times, January 19, 1975)
1975 - Climate Change: Chilling Possibilities (Science News, March 1, 1975)
1975 - B-r-r-r-r: New Ice Age on way soon? (The Chicago Tribune, March 2, 1975)
1975 - Cooling Trends Arouse Fear That New Ice Age Coming (Eugene Register-Guard, ‎March 2, 1975‎)
1975 - Is Another Ice Age Due? Arctic Ice Expands In Last Decade (Youngstown Vindicator, ‎March 2, 1975‎)
1975 - Is Earth Headed For Another Ice Age? (Reading Eagle, March 2, 1975)
1975 - New Ice Age Dawning? Significant Shift In Climate Seen (Times Daily, ‎March 2, 1975‎)
1975 - There's Troublesome Weather Ahead (Tri City Herald, ‎March 2, 1975‎)
1975 - Is Earth Doomed To Live Through Another Ice Age? (The Robesonian, ‎March 3, 1975‎)
1975 - The Ice Age cometh: the system that controls our climate (The Chicago Tribune, April 13, 1975)
1975 - The Cooling World (Newsweek, April 28, 1975)
1975 - Cooling trend may signal coming of another Ice Age (The Sun, May 16, 1975)
1975 - Scientists Ask Why World Climate Is Changing; Major Cooling May Be Ahead (PDF) (The New York Times, May 21, 1975)
1975 - Summer of A New Ice Age (The Age, June 5, 1975)
1975 - In the Grip of a New Ice Age? (International Wildlife, July-August, 1975)
1975 - Oil Spill Could Cause New Ice Age (Milwaukee Journal, December 11, 1975)
1976 - The Cooling: Has the Next Ice Age Already Begun? [Book] (Lowell Ponte, 1976)
1976 - Ice Age Predicted (Reading Eagle, January 22, 1976)
1976 - Ice Age Predicted In Century (Bangor Daily News, January 22, 1976)
1976 - It's Going To Get Chilly About 125 Years From Now (Sarasota Herald-Tribune, January 23, 1976)
1976 - Worrisome CIA Report; Even U.S. Farms May be Hit by Cooling Trend (U.S. News & World Report, May 31, 1976)
1977 - Blizzard - What Happens if it Doesn't Stop? [Book] (George Stone, 1977)
1977 - The Weather Conspiracy: The Coming of the New Ice Age [Book] (The Impact Team, 1977)
1977 - The Ice Age Cometh... (New York Magazine, January 31, 1977)
1977 - The Big Freeze (Time Magazine, January 31, 1977)
1977 - Has The Ice Age Cometh Again? (Calgary Herald, February 1, 1977)
1977 - Space Mirrors Proposed To Prevent Crop Freezes (Bangor Daily News, February 7, 1977)
1977 - We Will Freeze in the Dark (Capital Cities Communications Documentary, Host: Nancy Dickerson, April 12, 1977)
1978 - Ice! [Book] (Arnold Federbush, 1978)
1978 - The New Ice Age [Book] (Henry Gilfond, 1978)
1978 - Winter May Be Colder Than In Last Ice Age (The Deseret News, January 2, 1978)
1978 - Current Winters Seen Colder Than In Ice Age‎ (The Telegraph, January 3, 1978)
1978 - Winter Temperatures Colder Than Last Ice Age (Eugene Register-Guard, Eugene Register-Guard, January 3, 1978)
1978 - Little Ice Age: Severe winters and cool summers ahead (Calgary Herald, January 10, 1978)
1978 - Winters Will Get Colder, 'we're Entering Little Ice Age' (Ellensburg Daily Record, January 10, 1978)
1978 - Geologist Says Winters Getting Colder (Middlesboro Daily News, January 16, 1978)
1978 - It's Going To Get Colder (Boca Raton News, ‎January 17, 1978‎)
1978 - Another Ice Age? (Kentucky New Era, February 12, 1978)
1978 - Another Ice Age? (Reading Eagle, ‎February 13, 1978‎)
1978 - Believe new ice age is coming (The Bryan Times, March 31, 1978)
1978 - The Coming Ice Age (In Search Of TV Show, Season 2, Episode 23, Host: Leonard Nimoy, May 1978)
1978 - An Ice Age Is Coming Weather Expert Fears (Milwaukee Sentinel, November 17, 1978)
1979 - A Choice of Catastrophes - The Disasters That Threaten Our World [Book] (Isaac Asimov, 1979)
1979 - The New Ice Age Cometh (The Age, January 16, 1979)
1979 - Ice Age Building Up (Ellensburg Daily Record, June 5, 1979)
1979 - Large Glacial Buildup Could Mean Ice Age (Spokane Daily Chronicle, June 5, 1979)
1979 - Ice Age On Its Way (Lewiston Morning Tribune, June 7, 1979)
1979 - Get Ready to Freeze (Spokane Daily Chronicle, October 12, 1979)
1979 - New ice age almost upon us? (The Christian Science Monitor, November 14, 1979)

* Note: A couple of the news stories are duplicates in different papers with slightly different titles, this is intentional to show that these types of stories were not isolated to a certain regional paper.



Hypocrisy:

You ironically find one of the most outspoken supporters of modern day Al Gore style global warming alarmism was promoting global cooling in the 1970s, the late Dr. Steven Schneider;





Update:

From the BBC's 1974 documentary, "The Weather Machine";



"The ice age is due now anytime" - Professor George Kukla, Columbia University, 1974

15 comments:

Jack said...

Thank you for this excellent round up. I have bookmarked it and will refer all those people who deny this ever happened apart from "an isolated Time article" to it.

ParmaJohn said...

See? I'm not crazy. I remember the news stories vividly. I was a teenager eating up all of the horror stories back in the '70's. I loved the "In Search of..." series. The ice age scare really did happen, so stop telling me it didn't.

Thanks also for the montage bookending Stephen Schneider's glorious lifetime career in fear-mongering. He was one of the best! He was ten times the Mann today's are.

Andrew said...

Disgraced climate alarmist William Connolley is trying to spam my comment section. What does he think this is Wikipedia?

Wikipedia’s climate doctor: How Wikipedia’s green doctor rewrote 5,428 climate articles

More on Wikipedia and Connolley – he’s been canned as a Wiki administrator

Unlike Wikipedia Connolley cannot rewrite this history.

FZ said...

I say throw the bum (Connolley) out!

John Smith said...

Excellent job on this! I’m definitely spreading this around…

ncdave4life said...

Great list!!

There was also this definitive 1974 CIA Report on climate change (or here).

Nor were the 1970s the first example of such climate alarmism. Scary predictions of climate change (both warming and cooling) seem to be de rigueur every time there are a couple of back-to-back warm or cool years. Here are some more examples.

BTW, there's a lively discussion of this page on WUWT.

Andrew said...

ncdave4life, I am well aware of the WUWT post as I am the one who emailed Anthony and gave him permission to post the article.

ncdave4life said...

I know that you know it, Andrew. My comment was directed toward your readers.

This article of yours is clearly "best in class." It's an instant classic, which will be frequently referenced from many other web sites, and will help to open the eyes of many people who are naive and new to the climate debate. Your article is the perfect rebuttal to climate alarmists who're in denial about the 1970s ice age scare, which was driven by climatologists' dire warnings about anthropogenic global cooling. In fact, I just linked to your article in a comment on a climate alarmism blog.

As for Wm Connolley, he's still very active on Wikipedia, and still blatantly enforcing his bias in climate-related articles, as in this tiny example a few days ago. Wikipedia czar Jimbo Wales loves Connolley. He's not currently an official "administrator," but he has administrator-like rights called "autopatrol," "review," and "rollback."

Reference said...

Another one for your list?

Lamb, H. H. Is the Earth’s Climate Changing? For the past 30 years the temperature of our planet has been steadily dropping.
The UNESCO Courier: a window open on the world; Vol. XXVI (8/9), 17-20
HUBERT H. LAMB of Great Britain is an international authority on the long term processes of climatic change. He is director of the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia (U.K.) and for many years has been actively engaged in international research on climate, in particular polar meteorology and the study of climatic fluctuations.
Among his many writings are "The Changing Climate" (1966) and, most recently, "Climate: Present, Past and Future", a major study of which Volume I, "Fundamentals and the Climate Now" appeared last year (Methuen, London; Barnes and Noble, New York).

And the date when volume 26 of The UNESCO Courier was printed? 1973

MikeCornelison.com said...

Thanks for the comprehensive list. The previous alarmism went back as early as this Deseret News article from January 1964:

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=eUUuAAAAIBAJ&sjid=NVgEAAAAIBAJ&pg=7182,4543021&dq=ice+age+scientists&hl=en

Andrew said...

There are more stories from the 60s but I was trying to keep them all in the same decade.

JS said...

Very handy list. Here are three more books for it:
Nigel Calder (1976) 'The Weather Machine and the Threat of Ice', BBC Publications.
Stephen Schneider (1976) 'The Genesis Strategy', Plenum.
John Gribbin (1976) 'Forecasts, Famines and Freezing', Wildwood House.

Professional Driver said...

"Extreme weather events were hyped as signs of the coming apocalypse and man-made pollution was blamed as the cause. Environmental extremists called for everything from outlawing the internal combustion engine to communist style population controls. " sound vaguely familiar. ..I love how opposite problems require the same solution.

Arno Arrak said...

PT cloth icetcexceed daysmnThere was real cooling in the middle of the twentieth century starting in 1940. In doing research on the Arctic I discovered that Arctic warming had started at the beginning of the twentieth century. But then it was interrupted with cooling starteing in 1940 and lasting until 1970. NOAA Arctic Report Card for 2010 has a twentieth century temperature chart for latitudes 60 and above that shows this clearly. from their data the rate of cooling for these thirty years was 0.3 degrees per decade. It so happens that 1940 was also the same year that the early century warming stopped. It had started in 1910 and bt 1940 global temperature had increased by 0.5 degrees Celsius. The cooling that followed 1940 was responsible for the extremely cold winters in the eastern theater of World War II. German tanks under Moscow could not move because their engines froze. Next year the battle of Stalingrad was fought in exceptionally cold Russian winter. This goes in parallel to what NOAA reported for the Arctic region. There was recovery from cold after the war ended but even in 1947 a blizzard could shut down the entire city of New York. I don't have data on the recovery and it is feasible that even after 1970 when the warming of the early century returned the lingering cold could have impressed observers. Unfortunately the temperatures of thisa period have neen contentious and it is possible that the y have been manipulated by the Hansen gang. Some warmists have claimed that the cooling was caused by aerosols from war production which I will simply discount. But I will not doubt that there must have been some record of cooling they felt needed to explained away. If you cannot find any record of it it has been disappeared by the guardians of temperature. These guys are not beyond inventing a warming as I discovered. In the eighties and nineties mean global temperature was constant for 18 years but they invented a non-existent "late twentieth century warming" to cover it up. I exposed that scam in my book "What Warming?" and two years later that warming was withdrawn.

daveburton said...

Hi Andrew,

Here's a scholarly paper to go with your awesome collection of 1970s global cooling articles (and it references other papers, too).

Stockton, C. W. and W. R. Boggess, Geohydrological implications of climate change on water resource development, Contract Report DACW 72-78-C-0031, for U. S. Army Coastal Engineering Res. Center, Fort Belvoir, Virginia, C. W. Stockton & Associates, Tucson, May 1979.

http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA204483 (May 15, 1979)
(also, I saved copies here http://www.burtonsys.com/climate/ADA204483.pdf and here http://www.webcitation.org/6MOqmv6xH)


p.159

Projected Climatic Trends

On a hemispherical scale, there is rather conclusive evidence that the mean annual temperature is cooling (Van Loon and Williams, 1976). Recent work by Kukla et al.(1977) indicates this trend has not abated. They conclude from analysis of several variables including surface air temperature, upper atmosphere temperature, sea surface temperature, and relative area of snow on land and relative abundance of pack ice, that from 1950-1975, the rate of cooling for most of the above climatic indices in the northern hemisphere was between 0.10 and 1.20C. per decade. However, the slope of the changes versus time curve for most of the indices from the middle and low latitudes of the northern hemisphere increased during the interval 1971-1975. In the higher latitudes, the slope decreased or reversed. Peterson and Lawson (1978) using isotopic paleotemperature data and Box-Jenkins modeling to obtain a forecasting equation, predict an expected mean annual temperature decrease for the northern hemisphere of about 1.30C. (With 95% confidence limits of -0.1 and -2.4) over the next 5000 years. The point is, there appear to be different lines of evidence suggesting a present cooling trend with at least one study suggesting it will continue.